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煤炭发电-效率表现和二氧化碳排放的测量和报告(2010年)Power Generation from Coal - Measuring and Reporting Efficiency Perform

煤炭发电-效率表现和二氧化碳排放的测量和报告(2010年)Power Generation from Coal - Measuring and Reporting Efficiency Perform

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文档格式: PDF文档
资料语言: 简体中文/外语
发布日期: 09-09
更新日期: 09-09
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  • 本文件为PDF文档.煤炭发电-效率表现和二氧化碳排放的测量和报告(2010年)Power Generation from Coal - Measuring and Reporting Efficiency Perform
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  • 煤炭是电力生产中最大的单一能源,而且其份额还在增长。将煤炭转化为电力的效率至关重要:更高效的发电厂使用更少的燃料,排放更少的对气候有害的二氧化碳。这本书探讨了如何在燃煤发电厂测量和报告效率。由于使用了许多不同的方法来表示效率性能,因此常常很难对工厂进行比较,甚至在考虑到诸如煤质和冷却水温度等任何固定约束之前也是如此。提出了实用的准则,允许任何工厂的效率和排放报告在一个共同的基础上,并与最佳做法进行比较。建议建立一个全球工厂业绩数据库,以便查明表现不佳的工厂加以改进。有了这些信息,政策制定者就能更好地进行监测,并在必要时对煤炭发电进行监管。所述的工具和技术对任何对更可持续利用煤炭感兴趣的人都有价值。

    coal is the biggest single source of energy for electricity production and its share is growing. The efficiency of converting coal into electricity matters: more efficient power plants use less fuel and emit less climate-damaging carbon dioxide. This book explores how efficiency is measured and reported at coal-fired power plants. With many different methods used to express efficiency performance, it is often difficult to compare plants, even before accounting for any fixed constraints such as coal quality and cooling-water temperature. Practical guidelines are presented that allow the efficiency and emissions of any plant to be reported on a common basis and compared against best practice. A global database of plant performance is proposed that would allow under-performing plants to be identified for improvement. Armed with this information, policy makers would be in a better position to monitor and, if necessary, regulate how coal is used for power generation. The tools and techniques described will be of value to anyone with an interest in the more sustainable use of coal.